The American Guerrillas of Mindanao

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House Resolution 6497

To require the payment of compensation to members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the United States who were forced to perform slave labor by the Imperial Government of... (Introduced in House)

HR 6497 IH

110th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 6497

To require the payment of compensation to members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the United States who were forced to perform slave labor by the Imperial Government of Japan or by corporations of Japan during World War II, or the surviving spouses of such members, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 15, 2008

Ms. HOOLEY introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services, and in addition to the Committees on the Judiciary and Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To require the payment of compensation to members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the United States who were forced to perform slave labor by the Imperial Government of Japan or by corporations of Japan during World War II, or the surviving spouses of such members, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. PAYMENT OF COMPENSATION TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE UNITED STATES CAPTURED BY JAPAN AND FORCED TO PERFORM SLAVE LABOR DURING WORLD WAR II.

(a) Findings- Congress makes the following findings:

(1) During World War II, members of the Armed Forces of the United States fought valiantly against the Armed Forces of Japan in the Pacific. In particular, from December 1941 until May 1942, members of the Armed Forces of the United States fought courageously against overwhelming Armed Forces of Japan on Wake Island, Guam, the Philippine Islands, including the Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor, and the Dutch East Indies, thereby preventing Japan from accomplishing strategic objectives necessary for achieving a preemptive military victory in the Pacific during World War II.

(2) During initial military action in the Philippines, members of the Armed Forces of the United States were ordered to surrender on April 9, 1942, and were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps at Camp O'Donnell, Cabanatuan, and Bilibid. More than 10,000 people of the United States died during the march (known as the `Bataan Death March') and during subsequent imprisonment as a result of starvation, disease, and executions.

(3) Beginning in January 1942, the Armed Forces of Japan began transporting United States prisoners of war to Japan, Taiwan, Manchuria, and Korea to perform slave labor to support Japanese industries. Many of the unmarked merchant vessels in which the prisoners were transported (known as `Hell Ships') were attacked by the Armed Forces of the United States, which, according to some estimates, killed more than 3,600 people of the United States.